Fluorosis is not a disease, but just a cosmetic condition. Once fluorosis occurs, it is permanent. It cannot be cured completely. Fluorosis affects the appearance of teeth and does not lead to cavity or loss of teeth. The best treatment that a dentist follows is, to cover the stains by masking. Depending on the severity, patients are advised to undergo tooth whitening (bleaching) and other procedures like covering the tooth with bonding, crowns, micro / macro abrasion and composite restorations. When fluorosis occurs on any of the back teeth, they may require cosmetic fillings or complete crowns covering them (depending upon the severity of the fluorosis level) so as to avoid the eventual eroding and loss of tooth structure.
- Tooth Whitening:
Tooth whitening is done in mild cases of fluorosis. In this treatment, the outer stained layer of the enamel is removed by abrasion.
- Micro / macro abrasion:
In micro abrasion, an abrasive grit in a mild acid (mostly HCL) solution is used to polish strains. If the severity is little high, then macro abrasion is used with a composite finishing bur or diamond.
- Composite Bonding:
After eroding the affected part, the dentist covers the tooth with a composite filling using glue. This filling matches the color of the other teeth.
In this treatment, the affected part of the tooth is removed and the dentist takes an impression of the tooth. A veneer is made up of porcelain that perfectly fits the shaved part. Now, this veneer is fixed on the shaved part to form a complete tooth.
Crowing is the most common treatment for fluorosis. The dentist shaves the affected tooth around and places an artificial crown over the tooth.
Though fluorosis cannot be treated naturally, it can be prevented by proper intake of food. Parents should provide their children with enough amount of food that contains calcium. Calcium is required to keep the teeth healthy and strong. Vitamin C is commonly found in fruits like kiwi, papaya, orange, guava, fresh herbs, etc. Excess amount of calcium consumption might lead to kidney problems.
Vitamin D is equally important as Vitamin C. Vitamin D helps the body in absorbing calcium. Food products like milk, salmon, cereals, orange juice, eggs, etc. are rich in Vitamin D.
It is better to follow preventive measures than to be affected by fluorosis. Practicing simple home remedies will prevent fluorosis.
- Avoid using fluoridated and flavored toothpaste on your own
- Do not let children brush more than twice a day
- Make sure that children use toothpaste but not more than a pea size amount
- Keep an eye on children from swallowing toothpaste
- Avoid using baby food items containing fluoride
- Check the fluoride level in drinking water before giving your children
- Do not give fluoride drops or tablets without pediatrician’s advice
Following these simple rules will keep you and your family healthy and fluorosis free.