1) What is gingivitis?
Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums caused due to a bacterial infection. If left unchecked it can result in the gums to separate from the teeth leading to tooth erosion or loss and other serious complications like periodontitis. It is usually caused due to food particles trapped in the spaces or gaps between the gums and teeth. Improper dental care escalates the problem as it allows the germ causing bacteria to accumulate inside the mouth and cause infection in the gum.
2) Is gingivitis contagious?
Gingivitis is the infection in the gum and bone area around the teeth. It can be contagious depending upon how susceptible a person is to catching infections and diseases. Periodontitis bacteria can be transferred easily among partners while indulging in kissing or sharing or cups or food items. But mere transfer of saliva does not mean you can get gum infection or disease. It depends upon how often the person is exposed to infected saliva and the levels of his/her immunity. Keeping your mouth clean and following a regular oral care regime can eliminate the chances of you getting the infection.
3) Are gum disease & gingivitis the same thing?
While gingivitis and periodontitis are both considered to precede gum infection, they are two different things. Gingivitis is a milder form of periodontal disease and causes the gums to swell, turn red or bleed easily. It is caused due to improper or lack of oral healthcare routine and is followed by little or no discomfort in the mouth or affected tooth area at this stage of the disease. Periodontitis is a more advanced form of gum disease and can cause chronic inflammation in the gum area and in more severe cases separate the tooth from the gum resulting in tooth loss or abrasion.
4) Can gingivitis be reversed?
Yes, since gingivitis is an initial stage and milder form of gum infection, with proper care and help from the dentist it can easily be reversed or stopped from spreading further into something serious. A visit to the dentist will help you get rid of the tartar and plaque that must have formed a layer on the surface of the tooth and causing irritation in the gum area. Post a session with the dentist, follow the steps of regularly cleaning and brushing your teeth with a tartar-control toothpaste followed by rinsing your mouth with an antimicrobial mouthwash for better results.
5) How can gingivitis be prevented?
One of the major causes of gingivitis is poor or lack of oral hygiene. To prevent gingivitis you need to follow a proper regime of brushing, flossing and rinsing your teeth and mouth at least twice a day. Making few dietary changes like eating foods that are low on sugar content and high on vitamin and calcium are also required. Apart from this quitting smoking and alcohol can also prevent you from falling prey to gum disease or infection. Regular visits to doctor will keep you updated on the health of your teeth and mouth and keep all dental problems away.
6) How to treat gingivitis?
Brush your teeth more effectively twice a day. Floss them properly as flossing is a great tool when it comes to eliminating germ causing bacteria or trapped food particles from the mouth. Use an antibacterial and tartar-control toothpaste as it will help fight plaque. An antimicrobial and antibacterial mouthwash always comes handy in swishing your mouth with and washing away all the tiny germs and bacteria hiding in the hard to reach places inside the mouth. Regular visits to the dentist will help you eliminate any chances of contracting infection or disease and keep your teeth and gums healthy. Please understand that the physical action of brushing is extremely important.