1) What is malocclusion?
Malocclusion refers to the problem of misalignment of the teeth wherein the upper teeth do not fit in perfectly with the lower set of teeth. It is a very common problem caused due to overcrowding of teeth or due to difference in the size of the teeth in the upper and lower jaw. If you have malocclusion, it is possible you might be suffering from abnormal bite patterns or difficulty in chewing and biting food, speech difficulty or lisping or abnormal shape of the jaw.
2) What causes malocclusion?
Malocclusion is a very common problem among people. Its reasons can vary from abnormal shape of the jaw to hereditary. Among children, the problem of malocclusion can occur due to habits like thumb sucking, tongue thrusting, prolonged use of bottle and pacifier. Among adults, the problem can be a result of some kind of jaw injury or fracture that forces the shape of the teeth to alter marginally due to the sudden jerk or force applied on it. Other reasons could be having extra teeth or abnormally shaped teeth, ill fitted dentures, crowns or braces, and tumour of the mouth or jaw.
3) Can malocclusion be treated?
Most people are born with misaligned teeth but the problem can be rectified easily with the help of a professional or a dentist. To correct the positioning of the teeth treatments may include fixing them with the help of braces. In case the malocclusion is the result of overcrowding of teeth, removing extra tooth/teeth is another way of curbing it. With the help of few surgical procedures, the rough edges of the teeth can be smoothened; the teeth can be realigned and the problem of malocclusion can easily be tackled to give you perfect set of teeth.
4) What are types of malocclusion?
There are mainly three different kinds of malocclusion that a person can suffer from. The categories are divided as class 1, class 2 and class 3 variety of malocclusion. Class 1 the most common form and in this though the bite might be normal but the upper teeth slightly overlaps the lower teeth. Class 2 type of malocclusion, also known as overbite, occurs when the upper jaw and teeth overlaps the bottom jaw and teeth. Class 3 kind, also known as under bite or prognathism, is a result of lower jaw jutting out slightly more than the lower jaw causing the teeth to overlap.
5) What is class 1 malocclusion?
Class 1 malocclusion is the most common form of malocclusion. There is nothing severe or harmful about it and is a problem a majority of people suffer from. In this the bite is normal and the only problem one faces is that the teeth on the upper part of the jaw slightly overlaps the teeth on the lower part of the jaw. This usually happens due to overcrowding of teeth in the jaw structure. Unlike other 2 kinds of malocclusion, Class 1 malocclusion does not alter the appearance of the face or cause any discomfort in the mouth.
6) What is overbite and its causes?
Also known as deep bite, it is a condition in which the upper front teeth slightly stick out of the jaw causing it to overlap with the teeth on the lower part of the jaw. It can lead to some aesthetic issues by altering the appearance of the jaw and causing abnormal facial deformities. In severe cases, the problem can become severe too and cause discomfort while eating and talking. It can easily be treated with the help of braces. An early treatment, around the age of 11-13 is recommended so that it does not become a cause of any worry in the later stages. Maintain good oral hygiene to keep all dental problems away.