Cavities: Procedure & Treatment
Early detection makes cavity treatment
easier. The three main treatments used are filling, crowns and root canal treatment. These dental treatments depend largely on the level and extent of cavity formation.
Filling is a method wherein dentists drill into the affected areas and remove the decaying parts. The drilling cavity is filled with materials like glass ionomer cements, composite resin, porcelain, silver alloy or gold. In situations where tooth has been subjected to massive tooth decay, the tooth structure weakens and may even crack. Crowns made of porcelain or gold are capped on the rest of the tooth. Porcelain crowns fused to metal are also used for this purpose.
Root canal is another advanced technique that is used when the cavities start affecting the nerve. Here, the decayed tissues, nerves and outer layers of the tooth structure are removed and sealed with appropriate material. A crown is then placed on top of it.
The easiest way to keep cavities away is by maintaining a good oral hygiene. Brushing your teeth at least twice a day and periodic flossing prevents plaque deposits. A routine dental check up by a dentist gives a clear picture of your dental health and detects cavities at early stages
. The earlier the detection, the less painful, faster and cheaper is the treatment and that too with better results.
Additionally, reduced consumption of sticky food items, carbonated drinks, starch and sugar is advisable. Chewing gums containing xylitol helps in destroying the harmful bacteria. It also curbs the growth of cavities. Green tea, unflavored and unsweetened yogurt, cottage cheese and peanuts work efficiently to prevent .
Cavities are treatable. But it is more important to realize that cavities can be easily prevented. So, take proper care of your teeth and do not miss your dentist appointments.