Scaling is needed when any of the following conditions exists:
The steps involved in Scaling
In regular dental practice, depending on the severity of tartar, scaling is done in two ways:
Now a days, very few doctors follow hand scaling as it is very time consuming, less effective, outdated and requires more effort.
On the contrary, Ultrasonic scaling is associated with light touch and light pressure on the tooth surface with a constant motion. The vibration energy produced by the ultrasonic machine along with continuous water flow helps remove plaque, tartar, stains and other deposits. This method is very quick, easy and more effective. Ultrasonic scaling is a very effective and safe method as there are fewer traumas to tissues and less discomfort after its completion.
Side effects of this type of Ultrasonic scaling
Once the scaling or cleaning sittings of the teeth are done and over, polishing is a must to smoothen the tooth surfaces.
Why is it compulsory?
Methods of polishing
Polishing is usually done by using a hand-piece attached to a small machine called micromotor with a soft rounded cup (called as polishing cup) attached to its head. The polishing material is like a hard substance having soothing smell, replenishing taste and light grayish color. The paste is applied with cotton on tooth surface and the cup smoothly polishes it via vibration energy.
Problems associated with polishing
Conclusion and important key message to follow in daily routine
Plaque is a sticky film that develops on the surface of the teeth and contains millions of germ and infection causing bacteria. Whenever you eat, the bacteria in the plaque uses the sugar and acid in the food to destroy the layer of enamel on the tooth. The plaque that remains post brushing and flossing procedure, further hardens and develops into tartar. Over a period of time, brushing becomes difficult on the hardened tooth giving rise to complications like swelling of gums, infection, bleeding gums, redness of gums and tooth decay.
Also known as calculus, it is the plaque that has hardened on the surface of your teeth. It can also sometimes develop underneath the gum line often causing irritation in the gum and he teeth area. If not treated in time, it can further cause problems like cavities and gum infection, threatening the overall health of your gums and teeth. Unlike plaque, which forms a colourless film on the surface of the teeth, tartar can easily be detected as it a mineral build up and can easily be seen forming over the gum line.
With a proper dental care and oral hygiene, plaque and tartar can easily be prevented from harming the overall health of your teeth and gums. Plaque carries millions of bacteria that can damage the enamel and result in cavities. But if removed regularly from the mouth and teeth, you can easily evade the problem of gum disease, infection or tooth decay. If plaque stays on longer, it develops into tartar over a period of time. Therefore, brush and floss regularly, avoid consumption of sugary and starchy foods and visit your dentist regularly to catch on any early signs of the problem.
If you eat a lot of sugary and high on acid kind of foods, it is quite possible you might have plaque. Plaque is nothing but a formation of a sticky colourless film on the surface of the teeth due to the bacteria that are naturally present in the mouth. When the food particles left inside the mouth release acid, plaque forms on the teeth and on the surface of the gum line. Another cause for plaque could be improper or lack or oral hygiene. Not brushing properly or missing out on flossing gives opportunity for the bacteria to multiply and spread inside the mouth.
Following a proper brushing and flossing regime will help you keep the problem of tartar and plaque miles away from affecting the health of your teeth and gums. Tiny food particles or excess of sugary and starchy stuff consumed, gives rise to bacteria in the mouth, which cause a thin biofilm to develop on the surface of the teeth called plaque. Further wear and tear of enamel of the tooth causes tartar which ultimately gives rise to tooth decay and cavity. Keep your teeth clean, use a fluorine based toothpaste and mouth wash and regularly visit your dentist to avoid any damage to your teeth and gums and keep all dental problems away.