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Dental Problems

Dental Problems with Teeth and Gums

Dental Problems are basically issues that arise with your teeth and/or gums. These affect your overall oral health. Many suffer from dental problems. Did you know one out of ten people suffer from common gum infections? A very common cause for gum diseases is excessive plaque formation and bacterial infection. As a result of the bacterial infection, the ligaments and bone that support the teeth are damaged. This also causes decay and could further lead to problems such as bad breath, sensitive teeth and perpetual soreness.

Toothache Problem

The root cause of toothache dental problem is inflammation in the dentin and pulp (inner core) of a tooth. Pulp is the soft central area that contains nerves and blood vessels. When this portion is damaged or diseased due to different causes, the person experiences extreme pain in the jaws and root of the tooth.

Toothache/ Tooth Pain

Symptoms of Toothache

  • Bleeding from the affected tooth
  • Discharge of fluids other than blood from the affected tooth
  • Swelling of the jaws and gums at the site of infection
  • Continuous and throbbing headaches or earaches

Treatment for Toothache

  • Dip a cotton swab in brandy and apply at the painful area
  • Apply onion juice or paste at the area of infection
  • Apply cotton swab dipped in apple cider vinegar
  • Apply a couple of drop of vanilla essence

Tooth Decay/Dental Caries Problem

Tooth Decay is caused when oral bacteria decompose food particles that get stuck in between teeth or on the chewing surfaces. During the process of decomposition, acids are formed in the mouth. These acidic substances destroy the enamel layer that covers teeth and trigger the onset of decay.

Tooth Decay

Causes of Tooth Decay/Dental Caries

  • In the first level of decay dental problem, the affected area is very small and restricted to the surface. At this stage, fluoride treatments can be used to curb decay.
  • If decay is neglected in the initial stages, the problem deepens into the inner layers of the tooth.
  • The third stage of decay is the most severe. In this stage, the decaying portion affects the innermost layer of the tooth called pulp. At this stage, extreme pain and discomfort is caused because pulp is a sensitive area consisting of blood vessels and nerves

Remedies for Tooth Decay

  • Camphor Oil or Clove Oil
  • Wheat Grass Juice
  • Lemon-asafetida mixture
  • Onion-garlic paste
  • Turmeric

Bad Breath Problem

So if you see the person talking to you is trying to avoid you, or putting handkerchief over face or else showing some other distracting behavior, then it’s high time to check your mouth odor.

Bad Breath Dental Problem

Causes of Bad Breath

  • Poor Oral Hygiene
  • Alcohol Consumption
  • Sugar Products
  • Gaps between Teeth
  • Certain Medications
  • Periodontal Diseases

Remedies for Bad Breath

  • Mouth Cleaning
  • Avoiding Dry Mouth
  • Mouth Rinsing
  • Mouthwash

Tooth Sensitivity Problem

A patient with tooth sensitivity dental problem experiences sharp pain that is short and transient even when there is no evident dental deformity. This pain is caused by a stimulus that generally does not cause any reaction. This type of stimulus is called a non-noxious stimulus.

Tooth Sensitivity

Causes of Tooth Sensitivity

  • Gingival Recession
  • Consuming Food that is Corrosive in Nature
  • Regurgitation
  • Teeth Grinding

Hypersensitivity Treatment

  • A dental sealant or filling may be applied to cover the exposed part of the dentin
  • In case of receding gums, a bonding agent is used to seal the gum and protect the exposed region
  • If the cause of erosion is teeth grinding, a specially designed night retainer can be used

Gingivitis Dental Problem

Gingiva means gums and the infection or the inflammation of gums results in Gingivitis. Gingivitis dental problem is the initial stage of periodontitis and is caused by building up of bacteria in ‘plaque’, eventually leading to inflammation of gums and bleeding during brushing ones teeth or even spontaneous bleeding in advanced stage

Gingivitis Dental Problem

Gingivitis Symptoms

  • Reddish and swollen gums
  • Painful and tender gums
  • Sensitivity to extreme temperatures and sweet/ sour foods
  • Foul breath
  • Bleeding gums while brushing or after brushing

Remedies for Gingivitis

  • Clove and Clove Oil
  • Baking Soda
  • Salt & Warm water
  • Green Tea

Brittle Teeth – Dental Problem

Brittle teeth common dental condition in which teeth lose their strength and break easily. They could crumble, crack or fall out without much impact or reason.

Brittle Teeth – Dental Problem

Causes of Brittle Teeth

  • Genetic Factors
  • Dietary Habits
  • Teeth Grinding
  • Medical Conditions
  • Aging

Preventing Brittle Teeth

  • Brush Gently
  • Chew Garlic or Clove
  • Gargle Mouth with Warm Water
  • Avoid Chilled Food or Beverages

Fluorosis Dental Problem

Dental fluorosis is a cosmetic condition that is found in the tooth caused due to over exposure of fluoride, beyond the optimal range for that geographic area, during the developmental stages of tooth.

Fluorosis – Dental Problem

Symptoms of Fluorosis

  • The severity of dental fluorosis is mild, the changes are unnoticeable with tiny white streaks or flecks on the tooth enamel
  • In moderate cases, large white spots/ patches are found on teeth
  • When the condition is severe, the tooth surface becomes rough and pitted with a change of color from white to yellow or brown

Fluorosis Treatment

  • Tooth Whitening
  • Micro/Macro Abrasion
  • Composite Bonding
  • Veneer Fixing
  • Dental Crown

Periodontitis Dental Problem

Periodontitis, also known as pyorrhoea commonly, refers to the class group of inflammatory disorders diseases or ailments that have an effect on the periodontal tissues circumscribing the teeth

Periodontitis – Dental Problem

Symptoms of Periodontitis

  • halitosis (bad breath)
  • redness and swelling causing gums to bleed
  • recurrent gum swelling
  • sputtering blood post teeth brushing
  • experiencing pain during chewing
  • tooth sensitivity
  • drifting of teeth

Remedies for Periodontitis

  • Salt water rinse with tincture of myrrh or sage plant
  • Granules or powder of Propolis cera
  • Neem toothpaste and mouthwash
  • Myrrh tincture or powder
  • Mouthwashes containing calendula
  • Powdered cayenne pepper
  • Aloe vera

Malocclusion- Dental Problem

Malocclusion dental problem is any deviation from the normally accepted blocking i.e. mal-alignment of teeth in either or both jaws. A proper alignment is necessary in order to ensure a comfortable bite and also an aesthetic appeal of the dentition.

Malocclusion – Dental Problem

Causes of Malocclusion

  • Genetic Factors
  • Misalignment of Teeth
  • Thumb Sucking, Lip Biting, Mouth breathing
  • Jaw Injury

Malocclusion Treatment

  • Braces or simple removable appliances are used to correct the alignment. Sometimes a metal band may be placed around the teeth along with metallic or ceramic bands on the surface.
  • Orthodontic surgery can be suggested to reshape the teeth or to lengthen or shorten the jaw
  • Both during orthodontic treatment and post-operative care involves regular flossing and brushing of the teeth. The specially designed toothbrushes are called Orthodontic brushes